The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

By the mid-nineteenth century British society had reached a crossroads. The Industrial Revolution had changed everything, and not always for the better. Mass production allowed for multiple copies of the same item to be produced over and over again, with questionable results in terms of quality. Social upheaval was rampant as more and more people crowded into the cities looking for work. It was into this environment that the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was born. John Everett Millais, "Ophelia," Oil on canvas 1851 The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was a group of artists, poets, and critics founded in 1848 by James Collinson, William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Willi